Find out more. Our vision: five steps to Zero Hunger Put the furthest behind first.
What is famine, and how can we stop it? | Oxfam
To realize the full potential of our globalized economy, national governments must expand social protection schemes for the most vulnerable. Providing this opportunity for equitable economic growth will raise the purchasing power of the poorest 2 billion people which in turn will create incremental demand, generating new jobs and jump-starting local economies. Pave the road from farm to market.
We must innovate and invest in making our supply chains more efficient by developing sustainable durable markets. To support these markets, we must also improve rural infrastructure, particularly roads, storage and electrification, ensuring farmers ability to reach a wider consumer base. Reduce food waste. In developed countries food is often wasted on the plate, while in developing countries it is lost during production, as crops go unused or unprocessed because of poor storage or because the farmers cannot get their goods to market.
Encourage a sustainable variety of crops. Today across the globe, four crops rice, wheat, corn and soy represent 60 percent of all calories consumed.
Addressing the challenges of climate change, and food availability and food access will require helping farmers explore and identify a more diverse range of crops. Current situation Humanitarian agencies warn that current conditions could lead to one of the worst disasters in recent memory.
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In February, early warning systems indicated significant humanitarian aid would be needed for 20 million people in the four severely affected countries. In contrast, 11 million were affected in the last major famine in Horn of Africa in ; the famine of southern Africa in threatened 14 million. Current relief efforts are not nearly sufficient to meet the needs of affected populations. In general, conflict zones are more vulnerable to famines because they disrupt food systems and divert resources away from the long-term investments required to build food security.
Goal 2: Zero Hunger
Such problems may appear intractable. But in fact, countries such as Ethiopia that have followed right policy paths in the last 20 years have avoided famines even under severe droughts. This suggests that, with the right combination of investments and policies, over time the threat of famine can be significantly reduced. What causes famines? Famines are the product not only of nature—insufficient rains leading to a failure to produce adequate food and sustain livestock—but of man-made causes, especially a breakdown in the social systems that produce, distribute, and manage food.
Long-term climate change itself a confluence of natural and human effects is a contributing factor to the occurrence of drought that also impairs the functioning of food systems. Wars and other conflicts drive the rich to migrate to safe zones, leaving the poor and the vulnerable behind, and eroding the ability of communities to cope up with the drought-induced food shortages. These areas also face land degradation, deforestation, and associated environmental damage, compounding the low productivity of their food systems. Thus, low food system productivity, weak markets, poorly governed institutions, the lack of basic infrastructure, and continued political conflicts have exacerbated droughts into famines.
What have we learned?
- A Charmed Place.
- The Miracle of Grace.
- Live Younger, Live Longer!!
- Hunger Worldwide.
The last 40 years of famine response and prevention efforts offer several key lessons for tackling the current, looming debacle. The Ethiopia famine in showed that even if a country has an adequate food supply, the inability to move food from regions of abundance to regions suffering food deficits due to poor infrastructure and conflict can cause famine-like conditions see, for example, Amartya Sen's Poverty and Famines.
The famines of Ethiopia and Sudan in taught us that recurring famines can undermine the resource base of poor households and reduce their ability to cope even in the absence of disaster. Thus, eliminating the recurrent threats of famines and building coping capacity largely depends on long-term efforts to reduce poverty and food insecurity. Frequent droughts and famine-like conditions in southern Africa during early s showed unless local decentralized institutional and human capacity is built to forewarn, plan for, and manage disasters, famine prevention will not be effective.
The devastating droughts of early s in southern Africa further showed that countries that have organized capacity for collecting, analyzing, and designing interventions can manage impending disasters better than others.
- Success Secrets of Sherlock Holmes: Life Lessons from the Master Detective.
- Hunger: Facts & Figures - Welthungerhilfe.
- Famine is not just a lack of food!
- Filipino Cruz (The Cruz Series Book 1).
- World War II in Atlanta (Images of America).
- 5 Ways to End Famine | The Borgen Project;
The food crisis of demonstrated that countries need stronger assessment, monitoring, and surveillance systems to minimize the risk and mitigate the effects of food crises on the vulnerable. The Horn of Africa famine in showed that countries face recurrent famine-like conditions due to low levels of resilience in their food systems, and that building resilience requires a transformation of the food system. Finally, the examples of Ethiopia and Bangladesh over the last two to three decades demonstrate that sustained investment in agricultural research, extension, and rural infrastructure, combined with improved social safety nets, can increase food system resilience —and that of communities against droughts and famine-like conditions.
What needs to be done? Averting future famines and building long-term food security require a paradigm shift, a strategy that goes beyond proverbial relief and development dilemma. In short, local communities must develop food systems with high-level resilience. In the meantime, traditional approaches to managing the famine must be deployed.
Public distaste at the idea of GM, especially in Europe, is holding up research and stopping investment. Safer ideas, like stem cell meat fed on algae, are still far from production. Economic growth has long been seen as the key to reducing hunger. More trade, financial liberalisation and open markets should aid the flow of food, of which there's no overall shortage.
Successful poverty reduction in China has led some economists to predict there will be no more hungry people there by Problems: Not easy to organise, with the west in economic recession and aid spending falling. More importantly, economic growth does not necessarily trickle down to the hungry poor. Child malnutrition has increased in India during the past decade despite the country's boom.
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