According to the CDC, 52 people reported being bitten by macaque monkeys between to Captive tiger. Non-domesticated felines , such as lions, tigers, leopards, and cougars, are commonly held as pets.
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These exotic animals are cute and cuddly when they are young but have the potential to kill or seriously injure people and other animals as they grow. Even a seemingly friendly and loving animal can attack unsuspecting individuals. Many large cats have escaped from their cages and terrorized communities. Several of these incidents have resulted in either serious injury to the persons who came in contact with the animal, or the death of the animal, or both. Reptiles , including all types of snakes and lizards, pose safety risks to humans as well.
Many incidents have been reported of escapes, strangulations, and bites from pet reptiles across the country. According to the University of Florida, more than 7, venomous snake bites are reported annually in the United States it is uncertain how many of these snakes are pets , 15 of which result in death. Moreover, there have been several reported incidences involving strangulation by snakes. The parents were charged with child endangerment and unlawful possession of a dangerous animal. Exotic animals pose serious health risks to humans.
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Many exotic animals are carriers of zoonotic diseases, such as Herpes B, Monkey Pox, and Salmonellosis, all of which are communicable to humans. A large percentage of macaque monkeys carry the Herpes B virus. Herpes B-virus : 80 to 90 percent of all macaque monkeys are infected with Herpes B-virus or Simian B, a virus that is harmless to monkeys but often fatal in humans.
Monkeys shed the virus intermittently in saliva or genital secretions, which generally occur when the monkey is ill, under stress, or during breeding season. A person who is bitten, scratched, or sneezed or spit on while shedding occurs runs the risk of contracting the disease.
Monkeys rarely show any signs or symptoms of shedding, making it nearly impossible to know when one is at risk. Reported cases of infection in humans are very rare; since the identification of the virus in , there have only been 31 documented human infections by B virus, 21 of which were fatal.
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Persons who possess or work with infected monkeys are presumed to be in constant peril of potentially contracting the virus. Bites from non-human primates can cause severe lacerations.
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Wounds may become infected, with the potential to reach the bone and cause permanent deformity. The frequency of bites remains a mystery. Although it is widely acknowledged that non-human primate bites are some of the worst animal bites, little research regarding them exists.
Monkeys have also been known to transmit the Ebola virus, monkey pox, and other deadly illnesses. A large number of reptiles carry salmonellosis. Salmonellosis : Probably 90 percent of all reptiles carry and shed salmonella in their feces. Iguanas, snakes, lizards, and turtles are common carriers of the bacterium.
Reptiles that carry salmonella do not show any symptoms, thus there is no simple way to tell which reptiles play host to the microbe and which do not, because even those that have it do not constantly shed the bacterium. Salmonellosis associated with exotic pets has been described as one of the most important public health diseases affecting more people and animals than any other single disease.
The CDC estimates that 93, salmonella cases caused by exposure to reptiles are reported each year in the United States. Salmonella infection is caused when individuals eat after failing to wash their hands properly after handling a reptile or objects the reptile contaminated this can be either indirect or direct contact with infected reptiles. Salmonella bacteria do not make the animal sick, but in people can cause serious cases of severe diarrhea with or without blood , headache, malaise, nausea, fever, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and even death — especially in young children, the elderly, and those with immune-compromised systems.
In addition, salmonella infection can result in sepsis and meningitis particularly in children as well as invade the intestinal mucosa and enter the bloodstream causing septicemia and death. In March , the CDC contacted every state health department to determine whether state regulations existed for sale of reptiles and distribution of information about contracting salmonella from reptiles. Forty-eight states responded — three CA, CT, MI had regulations requiring pet stores to provide information about salmonella to persons purchasing a turtle. Two states KS, MD require salmonella information to be provided to persons purchasing any reptile, and three states AZ, MN, WY prohibit reptiles in day care centers and long-term-care facilities.
During , 16 different state health departments reported to the CDC salmonella infections in persons who had direct or indirect contact with pet reptiles, and in , 13 different state health departments reported salmonella infections. The CDC recommends that children, people with compromised immune systems, and the elderly should avoid all contact with reptiles and not possess them as pets. The sale and possession of exotic animals is regulated by a patchwork of federal, state and local laws that generally vary by community and by animal.
Individuals possessing exotic animals must be in compliance with all federal laws as well as any state, city, and county laws.
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However, these laws primarily regulate the importation of exotic animals into the United States and not private possession. The ESA does not regulate private possession, it merely allows the U. The Public Health Services Act prohibits the importation of non-human primates and their offspring into the United States after October for any use other than scientific, educational, or exhibition purposes.
The Lacey Act allows the U. Again, this Act does not regulate private possession, it merely allows the USFWS to prosecute individuals who have illegally obtained exotic animals. State Laws : The state governments possess the authority to regulate exotic animals privately held. Laws vary from state to state on the type of regulation imposed and the specific animals regulated.
Some states ban private possession of exotic animals i. Local Laws : Many cities and counties have adopted ordinances that are more stringent than the state law. In addition, individuals often move out of city limits or to a new state once a restriction or ban is imposed. Doing so poses serious risks to family, friends, neighbors, and the general public.
The offender can be identified as a student, staff such as teacher or other school staff , or other such as school safety officer, student intruder, visitor, unknown. The term does not include distilled spirits, wine, malt beverages, or tobacco, as those terms are defined or used in subtitle E of the Internal Revenue Code of Skip To Content. Homicide: any intentional violent conduct that results in the death of another person.
Sexual Offenses: 2a. Forcible Sex Offenses. Sex offenses involving forcible compulsion and completed or attempted sexual intercourse, oral sexual conduct, anal sexual conduct or aggravated sexual contact, with or without a weapon including but not limited to penetration with a foreign object, rape and sodomy; or resulting from forcibly touching or grabbing another student on a part of the body that is generally regarded as private, such as buttocks, breast, genitalia.
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